When reality and perception become blurred
When those affected experience a psychosis, it usually has a drastic effect on them. They lose touch with reality and often suffer from threatening delusions or hallucinations. They often react to this in fear and despair. Many withdraw, break off contacts and try to suppress their tension and fears. A typical characteristic of psychosis is the reduced insight into the illness of those affected. Their relatives find it difficult to get through to them in this state and meet with resistance when they recommend medical help. The chances of recovery are considered to be better the earlier treatment begins. In our private clinic, we specialize in the treatment of psychosis.
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Symptoms can vary greatly during the course of the disease and can vary from patient to patient. They can be divided into different categories:
These symptoms occur during the phase of acute psychosis. Hallucinations may occur, which is the perception of things that do not exist in reality. For example, the affected person imagines hearing voices. Another characteristic symptom is delirium: It is characterized by sufferers holding on to objectively false beliefs or ideas. For example, they believe that they are being followed, monitored, or manipulated by other people. During psychosis, thinking may also be affected. This may be manifested by confused thinking (“thought disorder”) and bizarre expressive behavior.
In principle, anyone can suffer from psychosis. Its development is explained by an interaction of predispositions and environmental factors. Physiological and biological characteristics can play a role as innate predisposition. A significant influence is attributed to functional and structural changes of the brain.
Even if some such factors are present, it may be only certain stresses and environmental factors that occur during life that trigger psychosis. These include chronic or excessive stress, drastic life events, psychological stress or the use of drugs.